CoinWorldTV 1812, Russia, Napoleon Bonaparte entering Moscow Medal. R! Mint Place: Paris Mint Directer: Denon Condition: Cleaned XF! Medallists: Andrieu / Brenet References: Julius 2533, Bramsen 1164. Denomination: Napeoleon & the French Army entering Moscow Medal. Mint Year: 1812 (Here a later restrike, featuring the BEE privy mark on rim, indicating a 1860-1880 strike!) Weight: 30.59gm Material: Bronze Diameter: 41mm Obverse: Laureated head of Napoleon Bonaparte as French emperor right. Legend: NAPOLEON EMP.ET ROI. / ANDRIEU F. / DENON D.GALLE Reverse: The Kremlin with Napoleonic standard above the walls. Legend: ENTRÉE A MOSCOU / XIV. SEPTEMBRE MDCCCXII (1812) At your attention a pleasant 1860-1880 restrike of the 1806 dated medal, which was issued to commemorate Napoleon´s capture of Moscow in 1812. A beatuful and hisorically importatn addtion, bearing the BEE privy mark, indicating an old 1860-1880 re-strike! Authenticity unconditionally guaranteed. Bid with confidence! Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) later known as Emperor Napoleon I, was a military and political leader of France whose actions shaped European politics in the early 19th century. Born in Corsica and trained as an artillery officer in mainland France, Bonaparte rose to prominence under the First French Republic and led successful campaigns against the First and Second Coalitions arrayed against France. In 1799, he staged a coup d'état and installed himself as First Consul; five years later he crowned himself Emperor of the French. In the first decade of the nineteenth century, he turned the armies of the French Empire against every major European power and dominated continental Europe through a series of military victories. He maintained France's sphere of influence by the formation of extensive alliances and the appointment of friends and family members to rule other European countries as French client states. The French invasion of Russia in 1812 marked a turning point in Napoleon's fortunes. His Grande Armée was badly damaged in the campaign and never fully recovered. In 1813, the Sixth Coalition defeated his forces at Leipzig; the following year the Coalition invaded France, forced Napoleon to abdicate and exiled him to the island of Elba. Less than a year later, he escaped Elba and returned to power, but was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815. Napoleon spent the last six years of his life under British supervision on the island of Saint Helena. An autopsy concluded he died of stomach cancer, though Sten Forshufvud and other scientists have since conjectured that he was poisoned with arsenic. The conflict with the rest of Europe led to a period of total war across the continent; his campaigns are studied at military academies the world over. While considered a tyrant by his opponents, he is also remembered for the establishment of the Napoleonic code, which laid the administrative and judicial foundations for much of Western Europe. Only 1$ shipping for each additional coin purchesed!